CARAFE++: Unified Content-Aware ReAssembly of FEatures

Overall framework


Feature reassembly, i.e. feature downsampling and upsampling, is a key operation in a number of modern convolutional network architectures, e.g., residual networks and feature pyramids. Its design is critical for dense prediction tasks such as object detection and semantic/instance segmentation. In this work, we propose unified Content-Aware ReAssembly of FEatures (CARAFE++), a universal, lightweight and highly effective operator to fulfill this goal. CARAFE++ has several appealing properties (1) Unlike conventional methods such as pooling and interpolation that only exploit sub-pixel neighborhood, CARAFE++ aggregates contextual information within a large receptive field. (2) Instead of using a fixed kernel for all samples (e.g. convolution and deconvolution), CARAFE++ generates adaptive kernels on-the-fly to enable instance-specific content-aware handling. (3) CARAFE++ introduces little computational overhead and can be readily integrated into modern network architectures. We conduct comprehensive evaluations on standard benchmarks in object detection, instance/semantic segmentation and image inpainting. CARAFE++ shows consistent and substantial gains across all the tasks (2.5% APbox, 2.1% APmask, 1.94% mIoU, 1.35 dB respectively) with negligible computational overhead. It shows great potential to serve as a strong building block for modern deep networks.

In IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence (TPAMI) 2021
Jiaqi Wang 王佳琦
Jiaqi Wang 王佳琦
Research Scientist
Shanghai AI Laboratory

Jiaqi Wang is a Research Scientist at Shanghai AI Laboratory. His research interests focus on Multimodal Learning, Visual Perception, and AI Content Creation in both 2D and 3D open worlds.